Chinese traditional clothing is the traditional dress of Chinese people, known as the quintessence of China and the representative of Chinese clothing, is the precious wealth created by the Chinese nation and even human society. There are two basic forms of traditional clothing of Han nationality, namely, the upper and lower garment system and the combined clothing system.
It is said that the system of upper garment and lower garment originated from the legendary era of the Yellow Emperor. According to the book of changes, the Yellow Emperor, Yao and Shun hung their clothes to govern the world, covering all the heaven and earth This legend can be verified in the pottery paintings of the painted pottery culture unearthed in Gansu Province. This can be said to be the basic form of China's earliest clothing system.
Hanfu is the representative of Chinese traditional clothing, and the embodiment of China's "clothing country", "state of etiquette", "Splendid China" and "sailis country". It carries the outstanding crafts and aesthetics of dyeing, weaving and embroidery of Han nationality, inherits more than 30 intangible cultural heritage of China and protected Chinese arts and crafts.
Among the Chinese crown clothes, the crown of the emperor is the most gorgeous. In the pre Qin Dynasty, the system of gun crown was divided into upper garment and lower garment. The clothes are mostly black (Xuanyi), which is like the sky; the clothes are mostly yellow (yellow clothes), which are like the earth. There are also light crimson ones. Xuanyi has wide sleeves. It is painted (embroidered or woven) with colorful silk (red, white, blue, yellow and black) to make pictures of the sun, moon, stars, mountains, dragons, flowers and insects. The patterns of Zongyi (ritual vessels), algae (water plants) and fire are also embroidered with colorful silk. The patterns of these pictures and patterns are collectively called 12 chapter patterns. In front of the dress, there is a leather Fu, vermilion. It is decorated with three chapters of dragon, fire and mountain. It is tied to the leather belt around the waist, covering it in front of the upper part of the garment and wearing jade on the side of the garment. The back of the garment is tied with a ribbon (a pattern made of wide ribbons). The waist is also tied with a large belt.
The hair is tied on the top of the head, with a crown (HAT), and the crown is rolled with buttons. The jade hairpin is used to fasten the crown and hair. The crown is crowned (a flat plate with a width of 0.8 feet and a length of 1.6, also known as the coronal extension. The board is made of wood and is covered with dark cloth and covered with ochre cloth). There are 12 pieces of jade hanging evenly before and after the crown extension (using colored silk as rope and stringing colorful jade beads, called Diao). Each crown has 12 jades, 24 in total, and 228 jade beads are used, which are called yuzao. The jade hanging beside the crown is called "ear filling". He was wearing red shoes (thick soled shoes, made of wood on the soles of shoes. The front of the shoes was wide, wide and high enough to lift up the front edge of the long skirt, so as to step forward).
Later generations all followed the pre Qin system, with slight changes. The number of Royal crowns of other princes, princes, ministers and doctors was reduced to 9, 7, 5 and 3, respectively
The number of jades used was also reduced to 9, 7, 5 and 3 jades in turn, and the patterns on the clothes were also reduced strictly according to the grade, including 9, 7, 5 and 3. There are dozens of species and names of crown clothing, such as gunmian and Shanmian.
The deep clothes, which are connected with clothes, are the most widely used: they can be used as the second-class court dress of military officials, the evening dress of Yanju residence of princes and scholars, and the casual clothes of emperors who don't look at the dynasty. Deep clothes are the only dress that common people can wear when they attend the sacrificial ceremony. They can also be worn in weddings, funerals and guest ceremonies, and can be worn by both men and women.
The common people wear Ru trousers, which are short clothes. Take short clothes and trousers as the regular clothes, and don't wear skirts outside. The poor wear pleats, that is, a long coat of coarse cloth. Most of the colors are blue and black, and the mourning clothes are white.
The hair of men is hairpin. The shapes of the crown are high crown, Bian, Liang Guan, cage crown, small crown, Futou, Tiao, etc. There are dozens of different kinds of hat names, such as weimaoguan, tongtianguan, yuanyouguan, jinxianguan, Damao, Yuanmao, goose hat, Tangjin, XiMao, etc. There are also various kinds of turbans, such as square scarf, Wanzi scarf, cloud scarf, soft scarf, Zhang towel, Ge scarf, Huayang scarf, etc., and some farmers wear hat.
Women's clothing, Queen's and lady's gowns are mostly deep clothes. For example, in the book of rites, CHIDI, que Zhai, Ju Yi, Zhan Yi and Su Sha belong to the deep clothing category. Di and que Zhai were used as sacrificial gowns, which were painted (embroidered or woven) in five colors. The color of Ju clothes is yellow, which is the dress for suisang (praying for the ceremony of mulberry harvesting and silkworm rearing by the first king); the white dress for guests; and the plain yarn is the lining clothes. In the silk paintings unearthed in Mawangdui, Changsha, the ladies' clothes belong to the type of deep clothes, and the women of Chu wooden figurines unearthed from the Chu tomb in Yangtian lake, Changsha also wear deep clothes.
After the Han Dynasty, the dress of Queen and lady all inherited the system of pre Qin Dynasty. However, it also developed a half arm (half sleeve long shirt), draped silk (a long painting silk between the shoulder and back), Xiali (two wide pieces of Bird Embroidered colored silk draped from both shoulders, about 3 inches wide and more than 3 feet in front, with a jade pendant at the lower end of the left and right joint, more than 2 feet down from the back, and the end inserted into the pocket), Tuzi (long gown with four slits), Cape, waistband, waist (long waistband), and hanging sleeves Clothing or accessories. General women's daily clothing is more for the upper and lower garment separate skirt, there are also outer wear jacket pants do not tie skirt. These clothes are one of the traditional costumes of the Han nationality.
In ancient times, women's hair was tied into a bun. The shape of the bun included double bun, vertical bun, partial bun, flat bun, spiral bun, high bun, flying bun and so on. There are dozens of specific names, such as tuftoulu bun, shuanghuanwangxian bun, Chaotian bun, Fanhe bun, Baoji, Huaji, etc. The ornaments on the bun include comb, comb, hairpin, step shake, Cuiqiao, Zhucui, gold and silver jewelry, scratching head, bead hoop, bead crown, Phoenix crown, as well as Luan Feng, Yao Zhai, Zhu Di, Zhu Pai, etc. The temples are decorated with temples on both sides, and some of them wear curtain caps and caps.